The area is located close to Songwe River which forms natural boundary between Malawi and Tanzania. It is made up of 4 parallel ridges and plateau ranging between 1700 and 2000 metres above sea level. The area is almost 320km away from Mzuzu City, the Commercial and Administrative headquarters for Northern Malawi.
The soils for coffee growing areas are Dystic Nitosols found in the sloping sites and convex narrow ridges and Humid Nitosols found in the lower Valley slopes. The soils of Misuku Hills have more quantities of weathering parent material, and are acidic, brown or dark reddish brown clays or sandy loams.
The climate in Misuku is very suitable for Arabica Coffee growing. Maximum temperature recorded since 1983 was 21.9 degrees Celcius in November and absolute minimum 9.9 degrees Celcius in June at Mwalingo, with an altitude of 1600m above sea level. The annual rainfall ranges from 1500mm to 2000mm and falls between November to April with continued showers up to June / July. Large amount of cloud cover between November and July delay production of new canopy, early season flowering and fruit drop.
The area produces the best coffee in the country and coffee from this area fetches premium prices. The area produces 50 - 60% of all the Coffee marketed by Mzuzu Coffee Planters Cooperative Union. Forty eight percent (48%) of all Coffee growers come from this area.